Recent reports have suggested that Brian Williams' professional purgatory is about to come to an end. NBC suspended its chief news anchor early this year for falsely claiming that the Army helicopter in which he traveled while covering the 2003 invasion of Iraq was shot down by a rocket-propelled grenade.
The Washington Post and New York Times reported that an ongoing internal inquiry at NBC has found multiple instances of other inflated stories, while the New York Daily News wrote that new NBC News Chairman Andrew Lack is eager to return Williams to the anchor job.
Many journalists say they cannot see how he can return, in light of the damage to his credibility in the scandal.
To gauge how plausible that return would be, I consulted a former network news anchor, a former rival network news president, two NBC executives, a leading television agent, and a crisis management consultant to try to map a path back. Their calculations mixed a blend of human psychology, corporate pragmatism, commercial cynicism and journalistic pride. (Most spoke on condition they not be directly named because they have business dealings with NBC and do not want to damage them.)
Each thought Williams' career could have been salvaged easily enough after his disastrous and disproved Jan. 30 newscast, but that his original apology a few days later simply failed.
Williams described his report as "an effort to honor and thank a veteran who protected me and so many others after a ground-fire incident in the desert." He then explained, "I was instead in a following aircraft; we all landed after the groundfire incident and spent two harrowing nights in a sandstorm."
Those with whom I spoke heard rationalization in those words, rather than contrition or the full acceptance of responsibility. Above all, the television professionals I consulted said that Williams needed to apologize once more to veterans, viewers, his NBC colleagues and his peers.
The agent said Williams could best re-establish his credibility — or at least best be seen as re-establishing it — by answering questions from someone, such as ABC's Diane Sawyer, who is outside his network and is known for interviewing scandal-tarred celebrities.
Additionally, Williams must be heard by the public apologizing to one critic in particular: his predecessor as NBC News' chief anchor, Tom Brokaw.
"He needed Brokaw to run interference for him — and that clearly didn't happen," said Aaron Brown, a former ABC and CNN anchor who was a friendly competitor to Williams.
Although circumspect in his comments on the controversy, Brokaw told NBC colleagues a year ago about concerns regarding Williams' accounts of the perils he faced in Iraq with.
Earlier this month, at an event sponsored by the University of Chicago, Brokaw said he had a cordial relationship with Williams and admired his family. "Having said all that," Brokaw added, "this is a really, really serious case, obviously."
Brokaw wrote best-selling books about what he called the Greatest Generation — those who fought in World War II — and won much public adulation for his work chronicling their lives and struggles. As Williams sought to tell the story of troops in Iraq he inflated the peril he himself faced. Brown says that magnifies the seriousness of the discovery that Williams told tall tales.
"For some reason, I just don't think this subject matter has been factored in enough," Brown says. "If it were the LA earthquake or something, or the Simpson trial, it would be a yawn."
Journalists have been especially critical of Williams — particularly many of his former colleagues at the network. Yet according to two people at NBC, research suggests that Williams retains significant goodwill with the viewing public. Ratings under his substitute, Lester Holt, have softened — but they have not evaporated, which has complicated the case for bringing Williams back.
An associate of Lack, the new NBC News chairman, says Lack is genuinely open-minded about Williams' fate — though Steve Burke, the Comcast executive who oversees the network, also will play a key role.
The network will have to weigh the audience's affection for Williams, undoubtedly affected by the scandal, with a determination of whether his colleagues will accept him back. A diminished Williams would appear — at least at first — in those initial sit-down interviews with presidential candidates, corporate executives and heads of state.
Whatever the decision, Brown is among those who argue NBC needs to make one.
"Live with it, but do it," Brown says. "Because this in-between cannot be healthy for the organization, it can't be healthy for the audience, it can't be healthy for journalism. We're talking about the wrong things now."
If Williams were to rebut all the concerns about his coverage and related remarks and were to regain the anchor's chair, he would have to focus on his work and avoid the late-night comedic talk shows on which he told many of the stories now under scrutiny. He and NBC also would have to hope nothing else comes to light to damage his credibility.
Back in 1999, wrapping up his edgy remarks as the master of ceremonies at the black-tie White House Correspondents Dinner, Williams joked that he had nothing to lose.
At the time he was an anchor on NBC's sister network MSNBC.
"I'm not cocky about my own employer — there's very little they can do to me, punishment-wise," Williams said to mounting laughter. "I'm already in cable."
And that represented the final suggestion from a former network news chief. He argued that NBC should ship Williams back to become MSNBC's chief news anchor as it reconstructs a prime-time lineup around something other than liberal ideology.
Absent that, he advised the network to cut Williams loose and watch the next phase of his television career unfold — perhaps someplace like CNN — but in a somewhat different role, away from the obligations of performing as the leading journalistic figure of a major news outlet.
ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:
Brian Williams has been in a professional purgatory for months. NBC suspended him in response to claims he made about his Iraq war coverage. Williams said a helicopter he had been in was forced down by a rocket-propelled grenade. The story was proven false. Network officials say they're awaiting the conclusion of an internal review of the rest of his work, but given the hit to his credibility, there are questions about how Williams could return to the anchor's chair. NPR media correspondent David Folkenflik maps out a possible path back.
DAVID FOLKENFLIK, BYLINE: For this story, I've spoken with a former network news anchor, a former network news president, two NBC executives, a leading television agent and a crisis management consultant. All thought Williams' career could have been salvaged easily enough but that his original apology simply didn't work.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
BRIAN WILLIAMS: In an effort to honor and thank a veteran who protected me and so many others after a ground fire incident in the desert during...
FOLKENFLIK: Williams said he was just trying to honor a veteran. Others heard rationalization.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
WILLIAMS: I was instead in a following aircraft. We all landed after the ground fire incident and spent two harrowing nights in a sandstorm.
FOLKENFLIK: First, they say, he needs to apologize once more, directly to veterans, to viewers, to his colleagues and peers. Williams could be seen as reestablishing credibility by answering questions from someone outside his network, such as Diane Sawyer, known for interviewing scandal-tarred celebrities. And Williams must convey that apology publicly to one critic in particular, Tom Brokaw, his predecessor as NBC News' chief anchor.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
TOM BROKAW: And I really admire his family a lot. Having said all of that, this is a really, really serious case, obviously.
FOLKENFLIK: That's Brokaw speaking earlier this month at the University of Chicago.
AARON BROWN: He needed Brokaw to run interference for him, and that clearly didn't happen.
FOLKENFLIK: Aaron Brown is a former anchor for ABC News and CNN who had a friendly rivalry with Williams. Brokaw wrote books on what he called the greatest generation, the soldiers who fought in World War II. Brown says Williams strained too hard on his own war stories.
BROWN: For some reason, I just don't think this - the subject matter has been factored in enough. I just somehow think if it were the L.A. earthquake or something or the Simpson trial - I - it would be a yawn.
FOLKENFLIK: Journalists are tough on Williams, especially those at his own network. Yet, according to two people at NBC, research suggests that Williams retains significant goodwill with the viewing public. And ratings under his substitute, Lester Holt, have softened. But they have not evaporated, which makes bringing Williams back tougher. An associate of new NBC News Chairman Andrew Lack says Lack is genuinely open-minded about Williams' fate, but published reports say the ongoing review has already turned up 10 or 11 stories in which Williams made questionable claims. Regardless, Aaron Brown argues it's time for NBC to make its call.
BROWN: You make a decision, live with it, but do it because this in-between cannot be healthy for the organization. It can't be healthy for the audience. It can't be healthy for journalism. We're talking about all the wrong things now.
FOLKENFLIK: If he answers all the questions and regains the anchor's chair, Williams would have to focus on the work and avoid late night talk shows on which he told many of the stories now under scrutiny. He'd also have to hope nothing else comes to light. Back in 1999 Williams joked he had nothing to lose after making some edgy jokes at a black-tie dinner in Washington, D.C. At the time he was an anchor on NBC's sister network, MSNBC.
(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING)
WILLIAMS: I'm not cocky about my own employer, but there's very little they can do punishment-wise. I'm already in cable, so...
FOLKENFLIK: And that's actually the final suggestion from NBC from a former network news chief. Ship Williams back to cable. David Folkenflik, NPR News, New York. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.